Mozambique Information

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Mozambique Flag

Long Form: Republic of Mozambique

Capital: Maputo

Languages: Emakhuwa 26.1%, Xichangana 11.3%, Portuguese 8.8% (official; spoken by 27% of population as a second language), Elomwe 7.6%, Cisena 6.8%, Echuwabo 5.8%, other Mozambican languages 32%, unspecified 1.6%

Currency: Mozambican metical (MZN)

Population: 22.1m Life Expectancy: 41.37 years

Religion: Catholic 23.8%, Muslim 17.8%, Zionist Christian 17.5%, other 17.8%, none 23.1%

Area: 799,380 sq km Coastline: 2,470 km

Bordering Countries: Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

GDP (Nominal)*: $9.8 billion GDP (PPP)*: $18.8 billion

Time Zone: GMT +2

International Dialling Code: +258 Internet Code: .mz

Government Revenue: $2.741 billion Government Expenditure: $3.299 billion

Expenditure on Education: 5% of GDP Literacy Rate: 47.8%

Political Structure: A multi-party democracy under the 1990 constitution. Unicameral Assembly of the Republic (250 seats). President elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term). Prime Minister appointed by the President.

Agriculture: Cotton, cashew nuts, sugarcane, tea, cassava, corn, coconuts, sisal, citrus and tropical fruits, potatoes, sunflowers, beef, poultry. Subsistence agriculture continues to employ the vast majority of the country’s workforce. Marine products, particularly prawns, are Mozambique’s largest single export

Natural Resources: Coal, titanium, natural gas (reserves: 127.4 billion m³), hydropower, tantalum, graphite

Key Industries: Food, beverages, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints), aluminium, petroleum products, textiles, cement, glass, asbestos, tobacco

Exports: $1.947 billion

Imports: $3.059 billion

* Source World Bank 2009
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